Nuisance Wildlife

As communities grow human/wildlife conflict will inevitably increase everywhere. Orange Beach is no exception but, we strive to proactively manage these issues and attempt to educate both residents and visitors alike about the realities of living alongside wildlife. These problems are rarely black and white and nor are the solutions. Whether it's raccoons in your garbage, deer in your garden or coyotes in your neighborhood each situation must be individually reviewed for the root cause/s and the best solution applied. The most important thing to remember in all of these situations is that these conflicts are nearly always the result of human behavior/action and human behavior/action is the easiest to change.  A wild animal is just being exactly that, a wild animal.  We on the other hand have the benefit of being the superior species and have the capability to educate ourselves and affect positive change on the environment around us. That said, there will always be scenarios in which the only viable solution is the elimination of the nuisance animal. We do not take this decision lightly, regardless of the type of animal, and ask that you do the same.  We will always attempt to prevent or mitigate the situation by other means first unless an immdiate life safety issue is present.  To report a nuisance animal issue please call our dispatch office at 251-981-9777.  Be prepared to answer questions and provide as much specific information as possible to staff so they may respond to your issue in the most effective way possible.   



Coastal Resources staff and interns have responded to recent reports of raccoons exhibiting signs consistent with the canine distemper virus in the City of Orange Beach. On Saturday, May 16th, 2020, we received results from the lab tests confirming this suspicion. Distemper is not uncommon in a variety of species including raccoons.

Raccoons with distemper may approach people, or curl up to sleep in open areas in close proximity to people. They generally act disoriented or lethargic, but can become aggressive if cornered. They may also have seizures, show their teeth and have been known to stand on their hind legs.

Canine distemper does not pose a threat to human health however; dogs not vaccinated for distemper can become infected if they come in contact with an infected animal or its droppings, fluids, etc.

If residents notice a raccoon displaying abnormal behavior they should call 251-981-9777 to make a report and Coastal Resources staff will be contacted. Please note that merely seeing a raccoon, even during daylight hours, is not abnormal especially this time of year when they are with young.

Frequently Asked Questions about Raccoons with Distemper

What is Canine Distemper?

Canine Distemper (CDV) is a viral disease affecting animals in the canine families in addition to some other mammals. It affects the respiratory, gastrointestinal and nervous systems. Raccoons are pre-disposed to this disease, as are dogs. It also commonly infects foxes and skunks. The disease is most often fatal, and those that recover may display permanent neurological damage.

Can humans catch canine distemper?

No. Humans cannot get canine distemper.

Can my dog catch canine distemper?

Yes, if your dog has not been vaccinated against distemper, and comes in contact with a raccoon with distemper. Most dogs receive vaccinations as pups against distemper, and regular booster shots may be given. If you are not sure your pet is up-to-date, check with your veterinarian. Puppies not yet vaccinated are at particularly high risk. To protect your pet, keep your dog on a leash when on walks (it’s the law) and scan your backyard before letting your dog outside even if you have a fence.

What are the symptoms of a raccoon with distemper?

Raccoons with distemper may move slowly and may stumble as they walk. They lose their fear of humans; appear blind, confused, and may wander aimlessly; and may become aggressive if cornered or approached. A mucous discharge will often be present around the eyes and nose and may be accompanied by coughing, diarrhea, vomiting, tremors, seizures, or chewing fits. They may only exhibit some of these symptoms and otherwise appear quite healthy.

What should I do if I see a raccoon that I think has distemper? Do not approach them, keep an eye on its location if you can and call to report it, 251-981-9777

Should I feed the raccoons? No. Do not feed raccoons or leave food out for them. This applies to ALL wildlife. Any food left out may only attract other wildlife, or attract sick raccoons to areas where pets frequent. If you feed your pet outdoors, only place out the amount of food it can consume in 30 minutes and remove any leftover. Do not leave food and/or water dishes out that infected animals may come in contact with.

What else can I do? • Do not to keep or treat raccoons as pets • Do not feed raccoons or any wildlife • Do not leave food outside • Make bird feeders spill proof and ensure that raccoons cannot get to them • Store garbage in cans with lids that lock tightly. • Cover sandboxes and similar items so they do not become raccoon latrines • Remove drinking water sources for raccoons and other standing water. • Seal all access points to your house and any other buildings nearby, including basements, attics, and sheds.